Course Descriptions

Middle Way Acupuncture Institute Course Descriptions 2019-2020
CL 550

Clinical Observation 160 hours

From the start of the program students will begin to observe the diversity of styles and methods of approaching Acupuncture and Eastern Medicine. A significant portion of clinical observation hours will be on-site observing how the diverse faculty at Middle Way approaches the art of healing. Some portion of the observation hours will require students to observe off-site to get a sense of the many different ways and situations in which to practice this medicine.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

CL 650

Clinical Rounds and Assistance

An intermediate phase of clinic where student clinicians will move from purely observing to closely watching and assisting faculty or senior acupuncturists treat patients in our on-site clinic.

Prerequisite: CL 550 Clinical Observation

CL 750

Clinical Internship

The final stage of clinical training in which students shift to treating patients under direct supervision by a licensed faculty supervisor. This internship effectively trains students to perform all the aspects of diagnosis, treatment, and establishing long term care for patients. Student clinicians build confidence in this clinical phase and will graduate knowing they can successfully treat many common ailments as an acupuncture professional.

Prerequisite: CL 650 Clinical Rounds and Assistance

OM 501 9 hours

Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Yin Yang Theory

The Yin-Yang principle is the fundamental theory of East Asian Medicine. It permeates all aspects of East Asian Medicine including physiology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, treatment, channel theory, herbs, food therapy, and hygeine. This course will introduce the basis of this theory, and give hands on examples for the theoretical and practical use of this concept.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 502 9 hours

Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Qi Blood and Body Fluids


While exploring the fundamental processes involved with the formation and regulation of the Vital Substances, this class will create an understanding of Chinese Medical Physiology and the building blocks of later study into Internal Medicine and Organ Function.

Prerequisite: OM 501 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Yin Yang Theory

OM 503 13.8 hours

Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Channel Theory


Channel Theory is the basis of Acupuncture Therapeutics in East Asian Medicine. In this course, students will be introduced to the flow of Qi in the Channels and Collaterals of the body. All of the pathways will be introduced, including the 8 Extra Channels, Divergent, Luo, and Muscle Channels, with an emphasis on internal and external pathways of the Primary Channels. Channel Theory will be balanced with palpatory exploration of the channels, including simple observational and palpatory diagnostic techniques.

Prerequisite: OM 502 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Qi Blood and Body Fluids

OM 504 9 hours

Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – 8 Principles

八綱 Bā Gāng: The Eight Guiding Principles expands upon Yin-Yang theory by categorizing phenomena according to exterior/interior, hot/cold, excess/deficient, yang/yin. It is the foundation for disease and pattern recognition in Eastern Medicine. This course will introduce the theory and present applications of ba gang in the clinical setting.

Prerequisite: OM 503 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Channel Theory

OM 505 4.8 hours

Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – Diagnosis

This course will introduce the theory of diagnostics in Eastern Medicine, how it resembles and differs other systems of medicine, and how it can be applied in a clinical setting.

Prerequisite: OM 504 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals – 8 Principles

OM 510 4.8 hours

Mindfulness Practice

Introduction and development of attention to what is actually happening in the present moment. These awareness practices help develop observational skills needed in all aspects of acupuncture practice from diagnosis to needling technique. Ongoing practice and development continue throughout the program.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 511-512 18 hours

Qi Gong: Mindfulness & Self Cultivation I-II

This course will serve as an introduction to basic Qi Gong and Mindfulness practice, including proper posture and breathing techniques. Special attention will be placed on bringing awareness to what is happening in the present moment. This course will also include basic theory and history of Qi Gong, while laying the foundation for the Daoist practices of Qi Cultivation and Medical Qi Gong exercises such as Tonifying, Balancing, and Clearing Qi.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 524 9.6 hours

History of Acupuncture

Brief introduction to the history of China with emphasis on the Warring States period when systems of acupuncture and philosophy were being developed. The course also details the historical development of acupuncture in Asia, neighboring countries and internationally.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 525 9.6

Chinese Philosophy

This course is an overview of the development of Ancient Chinese Philosophy and how it applies to modern Clinical East Asian Medicine. Foundational texts and schools of thought will be explored, such as the Dao De Jing and the Yi Jing, and the underlying symbolism examined to shed light on the foundations and practice of our medicine.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 532 4.8

Introduction to Needle Techniques

This course provides an introduction to essential information concerning correct needling techniques: needle angle, depth, and direction: guide tube needle insertion technique; techniques to obtain Qi; needle retention and withdrawal; positioning of the patient for acupuncture treatment; and contraindications to acupuncture. Students also locate selected acupoints and practice correct needle technique.

Prerequisite: OM 501-505 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals

OM 534 / OM 634 216 hours

Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine

This course, 12 weekends in all, covers Zang-fu physiology and pathology, meridians and points, diagnostic rubrics, and basic history of Chinese medicine. The course also includes an introduction to the clinical skills of interviewing, pulse taking and tongue diagnosis.

Prerequisite: OM 501-505 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals, OM 532 Introduction to Needle Techniques, OM 540 Introduction to Five Element Theory

OM 535 / OM 635 59.4 hours

Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

This course is dedicated to the study of the TCM diagnostic patterns and acupoint locations specific to each of the Zang-Fu. For each organ system students review the functions of that organ, interactively identify patterns and diagnose organ pathologies, locate the acupoints on the channel, and practice needling those acupoints.

Prerequisite: OM 501-505 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals, OM 532 Introduction to Needle Techniques, OM 540 Introduction to Five Element Theory

OM 540 18 hours

Introduction to Five Element Theory

This introductory class provides an overview of the 5-Element system of Chinese Medicine, including the fundamentals of yin and yang, and the fundamentals of qi and how it moves through the body. It will equip you with an understanding of the meridians, the 5 Elements, how to read energy in the body, and how to recognize the 5 Elements in yourself and others.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 545-546 63.6

Five Element Acupuncture I-II

This class continues the study of the traditional Five Element system of Chinese Medicine. Beginning with the Five Elements and Twelve Officials this class eventually expands to bring in various aspects, including the Worsley Tradition of Causative Factor (CF) as one way of looking at the constitutional forces as the underlying source of disease. In addition experiential exploration of the natural environment is utilized and developed, using the current season and our rural setting we explore the seasonal energetic process of life. This class builds upon the intellectual ideas presented in Philosophy classes, but is presented in the reality of the natural world.

Prerequisite: OM 540 Introduction to Five Element Theory

OM 565 9 hours

Hara Diagnosis

In Japanese Acupuncture the condition of areas of the abdomen reflect the internal conditions of the organs. This course explains these conditions using various palpation methods and gives students an opportunity to practice them.

Prerequisite: OM 501-505 Core Acupuncture Fundamentals, OM 532 Introduction to Needle Techniques, OM 540 Introduction to Five Element Theory

OM 580 4.8 hours

Cumulative Exam – Year 1

Cumulative coursework from the 1st year of study will be assessed and reviewed. The purpose of this course is to help students develop good study and test taking skills, and to ensure appropriate pace of self directed study between modules.

Prerequisite: Completion of 1st year of the program. All 600 level courses require a passing grade on OM 580 Cumulative Exam Year 1

OM 613-614 14.4 hours

Qi Gong: 14 Channel Flow I-II


This course will build upon the foundational material developed in OM 511-512 Qi Gong: Mindfulness & Self Cultivation. Qi Gong: 14 Channel Flow will introduce students to the 14 Channel Flow Qi Gong Set, an intermediate level Qi Gong form designed to teach students the pathways of the primary channels, with an emphasis on the internal pathways. This set will also use the qi cultivated in the first year to open all of the acupuncture channels.

Prerequisite: OM 511-512 Qi Gong: Mindfulness & Self-Cultivation I-II

OM 636 9 hours

Eight Extraordinary Vessel Theory

奇經八脈 (Qí jīng bā mài), the 8 Extraordinary Vessels are one of the most fascinating and clinically useful aspects of Channel Theory. This course further expands on the basic theory and clinical applications of the Eight Extraordinary Vessels as presented in OM 503.

Prerequisite: OM 534-634 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 535-635 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 545-546 Five Element Acupuncture I-II, OM 565 Hara Diagnosis

OM 638 9 hours

Microsystems

This course will introduce the concept, theory, and practical application of acupuncture microsystems and how they are used in the acupuncture clinic to diagnose and treat common conditions. The holographic model of microsystems will be presented in a way that ties these systems together in a practical and efficient way. Auricular, hand, foot, head, channel and body-mapping microsystems will be presented.

Prerequisite: OM 534-634 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 535-635 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

OM 639 18 hours

Introduction to Tuina

This class will serve as an introduction to the basic techniques, principles, and diagnostic techniques of Tuīná 推拿, an effective form of Chinese massage. Through the use of Qi Gong and conditioning exercises, this class will prepare students to execute these techniques safely and sensitively.

Prerequisite: OM 534-634 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 535-635 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 565 Hara Diagnosis

OM 645 14.4 hours

Advanced Five Element Acupuncture

This course explores goes deeper into 5 element theory, the officials, imbalances, and treatment. An emphasis on practical clinical application is given by guiding the student into a deepening awareness and understanding of diagnostics such as pulse taking and color sound odor and emotion.

Prerequisite: OM 545-546 Five Element Acupuncture I-II

OM 646 9 hours

Spirit of the Points

In Five Element Acupuncture, each acupuncture point is seen to have a particular spirit associated with it. This course explores the spirit aspects of the major points used.

Prerequisite: OM 645 Advanced Five Element Acupuncture

OM 647 9 hours

Five Element Blocks to Treatment

This course includes the Five Element Acupuncture blocks to treatment, including specific conditions that may interfere with the patient’s ability to heal, and addresses how to appropriately assess and clear the “blocks”.

Prerequisite: OM 645 Advanced Five Element Acupuncture

OM 650 9 hours

Introduction to Student Clinic

This course provides acupuncture diagnostic, point location, and treatment review. A clinic entry exam is issued during the class, in which students are required to pass before starting clinic internship.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

OM 665 27 hours

Japanese Meridian Therapy

A palpation-based approach to acupuncture using subtle needling techniques, taught by Stephen Brown, translator of Shudo Denmai’s classic, Japanese Classical Acupuncture: Introduction to Meridian Therapy.

Prerequisite: OM 565 Hara Diagnosis

OM 670 18 hours

Food Therapy

This course covers classification of common foods according to Chinese medical theory and develops a basic understanding of seasonal considerations from a five-element perspective. We will explore the energetics of common meats, fruits, vegetables and grains, and learn how to build basic food prescriptions for seasonal changes as well as for conditions involving hot/cold/damp/dry.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 540 Introduction to Five Element Theory

OM 680 4.8 hours

Cumulative Exam – Year 2

Cumulative coursework from the 1st and 2nd year of study will be assessed and reviewed. The purpose of this course is to help students develop good study and test taking skills, and to ensure appropriate pace of self directed study between modules.

Prerequisite: Completion of 2nd year of the program. All 700 level courses require a passing grade on OM 680 Cumulative Exam Year 1

OM 715-716 14.4 hours

Qi Gong: Clinical Applications I-II

Building on the 1st 2 years of Qi Gong, this course will give the students tools to work with in their Clinical Practice. Such tools include techniques for creating a Sacred and Healing Treatment Space, recognizing and creating safe Energetic Boundaries, and prescribing Medical Qi Gong homework for patients.

Prerequisite: OM 613-614 Qi Gong: 14 Channel Flow I-II

OM 720 9 hours

Introduction to Chinese for Acupuncturists

In this course students take their first steps in learning the phonemes of Chinese. They will become aware of the several systems of transliteration of Chinese pronunciation into English. They will actually learn the pinyin system of transliteration. Very basic grammar and the stroke order of character writing will be introduced. The course will then concentrate on Chinese medicine terminology including the verbs describing treatment, diagnostic terms, words describing the body systems of Chinese medicine, the names of disease entities and titles and authors of classic medical texts. A brief discussion of words pertinent to Chinese herbal medicine, including herb names and preparation will end the course. As a course project students will translate a very brief section of classic medical text using a Chinese-English dictionary and other resources provided.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

OM 721 9 hours

Acupuncture Classics

This course delves into the texts and literature that serve as a source for the theory of East Asian Medicine. Ancient texts such as the Huang Di Nei Jing (Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic) and Nan Jing (Classic of Difficulties) are explored and applied to the present day Acupuncture Clinic.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 645 Advanced Five Element Acupuncture

OM 731 36 hours

Acupuncture Therapeutics

This class introduces the Chinese medicine treatment approaches for commonly presented symptoms and diseases, defined both in western biomedical terms and traditional Chinese terms. A goal of the course is to provide students with resources to investigate differential diagnoses and treatment or referral choices for other conditions they may encounter in practice. These two teaching methods will enable them to respond confidently to a wide variety of clinical problems. The course will be taught in four sections covering conditions for which acupuncture has relevance, in the following categories: respiratory, cardiovascular and neurological, obstetric and gynecological, digestive, dermatological, urinary and male reproductive.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

OM 735 22.2 hours

Advanced Acupuncture Techniques

This course introduces advanced techniques to further enhance Acupuncture Treatment in an East Asian Medical Clinic. Some techniques covered are cupping, gua sha (dermal friction), plum blossom or 7 star needle, electro-acupuncture (EA), and others.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

OM 736 4.8 hours

The Balance Method

This class introduces a clinically effective acupuncture system that balances metaphysical theory with practical acupuncture techniques. The system is based on the philosophical theories of acupuncture methods, including: Yin-Yang, the Eight Trigrams and Ba Gua.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 638 Microsystems

OM 737 18 hours

Applied Channel Therapy

Course based on the book, Applied Channel Theory in Chinese Medicine by Dr. Wang Ju-Yi and translated by instructor. Jason Robertson demonstrates how a deeper understanding of the interrelationship between organ and channel theory can lead to more precise diagnoses and better clinical results.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location

OM 738 46.8 hours

Orthopedics

This course covers the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of common diseases of the musculoskeletal system from the perspectives of both Chinese medicine and Western medicine. There will be a focus on injuries and pain patterns most often seen in a clinical setting, with special attention given to common sports and industrial injuries. Students will learn to treat patients with acupuncture techniques and strategies, perform essential orthopedic tests to assess injuries and evaluate treatment outcomes, learn to recognize red flags in orthopedics, and make appropriate referrals.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, WS 521-522 Advanced Anatomy & Kinesiology I-II, WS 656 Lab Analysis, WS 665 Biomedical Physical Examination

OM 762 18 hours

Manaka Yin Yang Channel Balancing Therapy (utilizing Ion Pumping Cords)

Yoshio Manaka M.D. was a Japanese physician with a Ph.D. in biology. Throughout his professional life, he devoted himself to studying East Asian Medicine and the Qi Paradigm. He performed numerous scientific experiments testing, expanding the frontiers of acupuncture and he developed a systematic four step treatment process utilizing his invention of the “ion pumping cord”.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 636 Eight Extraordinary Vessel Theory, OM 665 Japanese Meridian Theory

OM 770 9.6 hours

Introduction to Chinese Herbs for the Acupuncture Clinician

This course gives Diploma in Ac. Degree path students an introduction to Chinese Herbology. This course will not prepare students to prescribe Chinese Herbs, however, but will give a basic introduction to the theory and practice of Chinese Herbology. Also, this class will introduce commonly used patent formulas that patients may already be taking.

Prerequisite: OM 535-635 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine, OM 536-636 Differential Diagnosis / Point Location, OM 720 Introduction to Chinese for Acupuncturists

OM 780 28.8 hours

Acupuncture Test Preparation

Overview of testing procedure and steps to professional licensure; review of acupuncture theory and foundation, point location, diagnostics, point prescriptions, advanced techniques; assessment of knowledge base through practice examinations; identification of areas warranting further analysis; assistance with developing individualized studying and test taking strategies designed for successful outcome.

Prerequisite: OM 680 Cumulative Exam Year 2

WS 520 100 hours

Anatomy and Physiology

Course I covers human anatomy and physiology including anatomical terminology, cells and tissues, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. Introduces common human disease processes. Course II includes: the study of the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic/immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive systems. Introduces common human disease processes.

Co-requisite: required completion by the end of 1st Semester

WS 521-522 42.6 hours

Advanced Anatomy and Kinesiology I-II

This series offers students the opportunity to gain an advanced understanding of human anatomy, and the functional organization of the human myofascial system. Students will develop the ability to locate key structures of the body through palpation and movement, including the major muscle groups and fascial lines, and their relationships to joint actions throughout the body.

Prerequisite and Co-requisite: Entry into the program and WS 520 (may be taken concurrently) with WS 521

WS 526 9.6 hours

Biophysics

This course will explore the underlying mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion, and will encompass investigations of physical properties of points and channels. Cellular effects of acupuncture and physiologic effects will also be considered.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

WS 527 15 hours

Biochemistry

This course builds on the foundations of chemistry, atoms and molecules. We transfer these concepts into organic molecules and their reactions at the molecular and cellular level. Concepts covered will be: acid/bases and buffers, solubilities, cell membranes, DNA, and structure of molecules.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

WS 528 15 hours

Microbiology

In this course we will study the basic structures and evolution of Prokaryotic cells. This will lead us to understand bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents and antibiotics. We will apply these concepts to understand the basics of genetic engineering. The course finishes with a study of viruses, how they attack our cells and how our immune system “fights” back.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

WS 529 9 hours

Embryology

An emerging field of research shows distinct correlations between East Asian Medical theory and Western Scientific theory. These correlations help to describe and clarify Eastern Prenatal Energetics in light of modern Science. This course will actively explore these ideas and show applications for Clinical Practice.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

WS 625 4.8 hours

Psychology

This course provides an overview of the scientific study of human behavior and will give students a basic knowledge and vocabulary to interact with western physicians. In addition, clinical ideas of integration between western scientific psychology and treatments in Chinese Medicine will be explored.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 500 level coursework

WS 651 / WS 652 / WS 753 88.8 hours

Pathophysiology I-III

Pathophysiology refers to the process of disease mechanism and manifestation in the human body. This 3 part course starts with an overview of the basic physiology, and then delves into disease process and the body’s attempt to correct them. Epidemiology, signs and symptoms, pathology, and conventional treatment will be identified for the following systems: Cardiovascular, Respiratory/Lungs/ENT, Dermatology, Endocrinology, Gynecology, Renal & Urology, Gastroenterology, Psychology, and will also encompass basic labs, imaging and physical exam appropriate for each pathology.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 500 level coursework

WS 655 18 hours

Clinical Nutrients and Diet Therapies

This course introduces acupuncture students to the most commonly used Western nutritional supplements as used for prevention and treatment of disease. Safety, dosage, efficacy and delivery systems of herbs, vitamins, and therapeutic foods are presented. This class also discusses the importance of nutrition/dietary interventions for prevention and treatment of diseases. Students will learn to do basic nutritional assessment for their patients.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 500 level coursework

WS 656 4.8 hours

Lab Analysis

This course expands upon the basic introduction to biomedical laboratory diagnostics and imaging given in Pathophysiology. Students will become familiar with routine diagnostic labs and it’s use in a number of diseases, as well as the most common types of imaging and how to read them.

Prerequisite: WS 651 Pathophysiology I

WS 660 9 hours

Clinical Red Flags

This course will train students to effectively identify, evaluate, and refer medical red flags in an East Asian Medical clinical setting. Many important and life-threatening medical red flags will be presented, along with steps for stabilization and referral or consultation to the patient’s Primary Care Physician or emergency service.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 500 level coursework

WS 665 9 hours

Biomedical Physical Examination

This course hones student’s western physical examination and history taking skills. Basic routine biomedical examination procedures using the techniques of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation will be taught, along with their associated tests such as taking blood pressure, pulses, neurological exams and more.

Prerequisite: WS 651 Pathophysiology I

WS 725 9 hours

Botany

This class will familiarize students with plant terminology, family characteristics and identification skills. It will also cover: classification, structure, and function of Western herbs and includes a primer of Chinese herbs.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 754 19.2 hours

Pharmacology

This class explores the importance of Western pharmaceuticals to many of their patients and pertains to the actions, therapeutic rationale, benefits, risks and potential interactions of pharmaceuticals. Students will learn terminology, and general mechanism for many prescription drugs, over-the- counter medications, and abused substances. Drug-drug and drug-herb interactions will also be addressed.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 755 14.4 hours

Integrative Medicine

Students learn the basics of how conventional medicine or mainstream medical therapies can work with complementary and alternative medicine in approaching disease, illness and injury. The emphasis of this class is healing-oriented medicine that takes into account the whole person (body, mind, and spirit), including all aspects of lifestyle, emphasizing the therapeutic relationship, and making use of all appropriate therapies, both conventional and alternative. Research and scientific evidence on the safety and effectiveness of integrative medicine will also be reviewed and discussed.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 756 9.6 hours

Oncology

This course provides an introductory overview of the terminology and classification of cancer and the principle issues in its treatment. Commonly available anti-cancer drugs will be reviewed with emphasis on mode of action, dose intensity and chemotherapy regimens. The range of side effects of cancer treatments will be studied in detail. Quality of life issues in terms of overall assessment and result interpretation will also be discussed.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 757 7.8 hours

OB-GYN

This course provides goes deeper into the field of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Both western and eastern diagnostics and patterns are presented with case studies and treatments. Subject matter includes wellness care, gynecological pathology, the menstrual cycle, menopause, sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 758 4.8 hours

Gerontology

This course introduces the physical, mental and social aspects of treating older patients, and addresses specific challenges or special needs commonly seen in aging individuals.

Prerequisite: Completion of WS 600 level coursework

WS 775 14.4 hours

Acupuncture and Public Health

This course provides a broad introduction to public health concepts including: public health history, public health practice & infrastructure, law & government in public health, advocacy and policy, with an emphasis on how acupuncture is currently utilized in the public health setting, more specifically in regards to chemical dependency.

Prerequisite: WS 753 Pathophysiology III

WS 779 30 hours

Acupuncture Research


This course effectively trains third year students to utilize evidence based medical resources such as medical and acupuncture journals, articles, and studies in order to compile, write, and present acupuncture related research topics to class, alumni and faculty.

Prerequisite: Completion of the 2nd year of the program

WS 780 18 hours

Biomedicine Test Preparation

Overview of biomedicine topics: history taking, pain patterns, vital signs; anatomy and physiology of the organ systems; physical examination and abnormal findings; imaging and diagnostic tests; organ pathology; laboratory tests and screening examinations; pharmacology, nutrition and supplements; safety and practice management; administration and assessment through practice exams.

Prerequisite: Completion of all Biomedicine coursework

COM 620 9 hours

Ethics in Medicine


This class examines current codes of ethics pertaining to acupuncture practice management and the dynamics of patient practitioner interaction; analysis of the applicable state laws and NCCAOM code of ethics; development of safety and boundary protocols; overview of complaint and disciplinary process. The class will also cover cultural awareness and sensitivities in treating various cultures.

Prerequisite: entry into the program

COM 750 27.6 hours

Communication and Counseling

In this course, we will explore ways of expanding our skills in communication, listening and counseling. The class will be highly experiential, with both guided exercises and paired and group work around themes and skills. This will be augmented with some theory and supportive research. As much as possible we will work with material arising directly from students’ clinical and personal experience, as well as with situations likely to be encountered in their professional careers.

Prerequisite: COM 620 Ethics in Medicine

BUS 700 54.6

Practice Management

This course covers the essentials of opening and managing an acupuncture practice, including setting up a practice, leasing business space and marketing strategies.

Prerequisite: student clinic internship